As defined by the WHO (World Health Organization) traditional medicine is “traditional medicine refers to the knowledge, skills, and practices based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences indigenous to different cultures, used in the maintenance of health and in the prevention, diagnosis, improvement or treatment of physical and mental illness.” In most African and Asian countries, almost 80% of the population consider traditional medicine as their primary health care needs. Around the world, the practices of traditional medicine include traditional Chinese medicine, traditional European medicine, traditional African medicine, traditional Korean medicine, Siddha medicine, Ayurveda, Unani, Iranian (Persian), ancient Iranian Medicine, Islamic medicine, Ifa, and Muti. The study of traditional medicine includes ethnomedicine, ethnobotany, medical anthropology, and herbalism.
In addition, herbal medicine or can be called as Herbalism is the learning of botany that uses various types of plant for medical purposes. In herbal medicine, plants have been the primary health needs for basic medical treatments. The tradition of using the herbal medicine is world-wide practiced today. As for contemporary example, the making of modern medicine uses many plants as their primary ingredient. Not just the use of plants, herbal medicine sometimes include bee products, fungal, minerals, shells, and a certain part of animals. Base on the data of the World Health Organization, 75% of the world populations are currently using herbal medicine as their daily life basic health care needs. In other words, Herbal medicine also called botanical medicine, phytomedicine or phytotherapy. The most important part of the plant that used as the medicine is seeds, roots, berries, leaves, fruits, bark, flower or the entire plant. In addition, Chinese herbalism is one of the most use ancient herbal traditions in the world.