Statistic: Study Design

As you all might probably know what Khan Academy is, I won’t go in detail about this learning source. Mainly, Khan Academy is a free online source, build by expert-creators, that provide free online courses, lessons, and practices; where students able to freely learn anything from different levels.

This school year I encountered a class that became one of my enemy but also a best friend. My math teacher provided me with two statistics’ books; textbook and workbook. In addition to the learning resource, my math teacher introduced the class to a course in Khan Academy called Statistics and Probability. Statistics and Probability is a giant course but the Khan make the course easier by break them down into a list of unit including: analyzing categorical data, displaying and comparing quantitative data, summarizing quantitative data, modeling data distributions, exploring bivariate numerical data, study design, probability, counting-permutations-and combinations, random variables, sampling distributions, confidence intervals, and significance tests (hypothesis testing). Therefore, the study design is my favorite

Based on the skill I have mentioned above, not every unit was hard as it sounds and not every unit was easy as it pronounced. Therefore, the study design was one of my favorite and challenger. Study design unit was categorized into discrete skills such as: comprehend statistical questions, perceive sampling and observational studies, recognize sampling methods, and discover the type of studies (experimental vs. observational). I have learned that the experimental/research/study design is much more than a statistic. Experimental, research or study design is the core of good research exploration. With the obligation of all of these skills, I understand that it will guide me in every experiment with good data collection, discover statistical analysis, and capable of interpreting the results. I believed in the fact that proper sampling method, collecting data, investigating results, and writing report properly will serve a path for the reader to identify the study design.

Chapter 3: Example Relationships

Moving on to chapter three in statistic textbook, we learned about the relationship of scatterplots, correlation, and the least-squares regression. The scatterplot is the most common and effective way of showing the relationship between the two quantitative variables. On the scatterplot display one variable of the horizontal axis (the X-axis), and another variable appears on the vertical axis (the Y-axis).  In the horizontal axis, we usually plot the explanatory variable (independent variable) and response variable (dependent variable) on the vertical axis. Correlation is a type of statistical measure that includes two or more variable shift together. Correlation is also a strategy that shows how strong the variables are related. Regression line or line of best fit that are being plotted in the scatter graph is shown to display a relationship that can possibly be used in order to predict the values of one variable as a guide to finding another unknown variable.

As defined by the WHO (World Health Organization) traditional medicine is “traditional medicine refers to the knowledge, skills, and practices based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences indigenous to different cultures, used in the maintenance of health and in the prevention, diagnosis, improvement or treatment of physical and mental illness.” In most African and Asian countries, almost 80% of the population consider traditional medicine as their primary health care needs. Around the world, the practices of traditional medicine include traditional Chinese medicine, traditional European medicine, traditional African medicine, traditional Korean medicine, Siddha medicine, Ayurveda, Unani, Iranian (Persian),  ancient Iranian Medicine, Islamic medicine, Ifa, and Muti. The study of traditional medicine includes ethnomedicine, ethnobotany, medical anthropology, and herbalism.

In addition, herbal medicine or can be called as Herbalism is the learning of botany that uses various types of plant for medical purposes. In herbal medicine, plants have been the primary health needs for basic medical treatments. The tradition of using the herbal medicine is world-wide practiced today. As for contemporary example, the making of modern medicine uses many plants as their primary ingredient. Not just the use of plants, herbal medicine sometimes include bee products, fungal, minerals, shells, and a certain part of animals. Base on the data of the World Health Organization, 75% of the world populations are currently using herbal medicine as their daily life basic health care needs. In other words, Herbal medicine also called botanical medicine, phytomedicine or phytotherapy. The most important part of the plant that used as the medicine is seeds, roots, berries, leaves, fruits, bark, flower or the entire plant. In addition, Chinese herbalism is one of the most use ancient herbal traditions in the world.

The Limiting Reactant

The limiting reactant or can be called as limiting reagent is the reactant inside the chemical reaction. The limiting reactant tells the amount of product that can be makeup. We use the limiting reaction in order to find a possible solution to calculate the theoretical yield of the chemical reaction. In a chemical reaction, there is a limiting reactant because compound and elements react the way it is based on the mole ratio that is between them when we did the balanced chemical equation. What’s being called an excess reactant is the remaining leftover when the limiting reactant is complete.

To understand more about the limiting reactant topic, our chemistry teacher prepared us a lap called ” The SMORE Lab”. We used chocolate, marshmallows, and crackers to make s’more. We start off with
1. Writing the balanced equation for the making of s’more.
2. Define the type of reaction.
3. Record the total piece of the reactant.
4. The maximum production of s’more and give a reason why.
4. Figure out which is limiting and excess reactant.
5. Figure out the mass of each reactant on the scale.
6. Record the theoretical yield (mass) of s’more.
7. Make the s’mores
8. Write down the actual mass of one s’mores

We know which reactant was limiting because when we make three complete s’more, the pieces (cracker and chocolate) run out first. We then figure out the excess reactant because when we run out of chocolate and crackers, there are marshmallows left.

Youth Film Festivval

I’m currently in an exploration call Youth Film Festival. In this exploration, my teammates and I are working on creating a new film festival that will be host in Phnom Penh later on this year. Our big mission for this year project is introducing filmmaking to government students in order to bring more growth to our film industry. This will also provide students their future possible careers and to start on something new. Creating a film will allow students to express their thoughts or problem in society. We have worked toward to open up a workshop that our members will help to work with them in the basic of scriptwriting, film producing, and film editing.

We have the plan to travel to several places to host the film workshop for specific high schools in Cambodia. We have planned that our workshop will last for three days, and the submitters will require to submit their film during the workshop. With this aim, there will be top four films from each school will be showcased during the event day and with other additional films from the Phnom Penh area.

Critical Teen Issue (CTI)

In this school year projects, I’m in one of the project call CTI (critical teen issue). This project is mainly focusing on discussing the critical issues that teens are dealing with in their daily lives. We have addressed some of the most important issues facing our teenagers at this time. Our main topic for this first round is a healthy relationship. In class, we have done many activities that demonstrate what is a healthy relationship vs a nonhealthy relationship. This will focus on the relationship with our partner, peer, parents, and society. At the end of this round, we have come up with a workshop plan and survey to guide the workshop about the healthy teen relationship.

Here are the discussion questions about healthy teen relationships that our team has come up with. Can you figure out your answers to the questions?

Partners

1. How do you know if you are actually in a relationship?
2. Why did my partner choose me?
3. How much time should I devote to my partner?
4. Is a relationship a healthy or unhealthy distraction?
5. How do I really know how much my partner cares and his/her perspective?
6. When is it appropriate to discuss a relationship with others? Must both people agree first?
7. Do you go into a relationship thinking it will end? How is a relationship maintained?
8. How do you balance time with partners and peers?

Peers

1. Do you have to be friends with people in the same socioeconomic class as you?
2. How can we overcome shyness to have more friends or be more comfortable around others?
3. How do you know if a person is a real friend?
4. What do you do when peers make fun of your relationship?
5. How do you measure loyalty and honesty?
6. How does one find a healthy competition with peers?
7. When is it appropriate to sacrifice for your friendships?

Family

1. Is it natural and normal for teenagers to rebel against their parents when they are teenagers?
2. Would I feel better communicating my problems with my parents?
3. How do we change Cambodian culture in regards to teenagers?
4. How do we create more trust among our family members?
5. What is the appropriate balance of authority and friendship?
6. How do we cope with our parents’ expectations of us?
8. What do my parents expect me after I graduate from Liger?

Society

1. Is it time that we change the ways of living?
2. How do we cope with the pressure of being a change agent?
3. What are some of the stereotypes that affect teenagers from society?
4. How does social media affect our relationships?
5. How much should we care about trends in society?
6. What pressures of body image and appearance do teenagers face in Cambodia?

MATE competetition

This year the MATE Center and the Marine Technology Society ROV committee, they created the ROV competition as a goal to engage students in the STEM and provide more exposure toward science and technology fields, encourage students to work in a team to solve problem, and provide funds and resources to support students in their learning area. The competition is to challenge students to design and build  ROVs in order to solve ocean problems. There is three level of the competition’s class, beginner, intermediate, and advanced. The MATE competition requires students to think of themselves as an entrepreneur and form their team as a company and create and sell their products. Students also require to build poster, write technical reports, and engineering preparations that will be examined by the judge during the competition. For ASEAN Regional will be held in Surabaya, Indonesia in April 2019. For this first round, I have been working on finding out about the sponsors and emailing the Mate information center.

Pchum Ben (បុណ្យភ្ជុំបិណ្ឌ)

At the end of this round, we have our Pchum Ben breaks and in Khmer class, our teacher has taught us the culture and custom of the Pchum Ben Ceremony.

Pchum Ben is one of the most important holidays in Cambodia. During this holiday, people around the country will visit their hometowns and gather with their family. Besides going to the pagoda, people also travel to places with their family and enjoy their little break from works and schools. Throughout Cambodia, myself and other Cambodian have a really deep respect toward our parents, grandparents, and our ancestors. Each year during the end of September, there is a festival called “Pchum Ben”, which is a 15 days festival where it is a time when we honor our ancestors. For the first 14 days of Pchum Ben, we called it “Dak Ben”. During these days, people will go to the pagoda because we believed that our deceased relatives are waiting at the pagoda for food. Before taking food to the pagoda, children need to prepare food for their parents. This is because “What you have at home is more powerful than the god in the pagoda. Who are the gods in your house? They are your parents.” Cambodians value our parents as precious gods. The right time for bringing food to the pagoda is not later than 11:00 am because the monks will not allow eating after 12:00 pm. For every early morning of the festival, around 4:00 am, people will prepare small rice balls at the pagoda. Outside the temple, people will throw the balls of food. We believed that our ancestors, who committed sins, that are not allowed to enter the temple, will eat the food that was prepared by their descendants. On the 15th day, is the most important day of the ceremony and the last day too.

The ancestors will get mad at us if their spirits don’t see their relatives bringing food for them at the pagoda, they will get really mad and curse the relatives with bad luck.

Getting familiar with unit circle

After two weeks of SAT Boot Camp, we are back to our regulars essential classes. For this round in math class, we focus on getting ready for the real SAT. We practiced the different set of problems and lessons. In the first earlier week, my classmates and I came across Unit Circle; which most of us already have some background knowledge about it. The unit circle feels overwhelming at first but as soon as Jeff teaches me the trick, the unit circle is not that stress to work with.

Engineering Strand: Biography of Emily Roebling

Past – Childhood

Emily Warren Roebling, a female engineer largely responsible for guiding construction of the Brooklyn Bridge, was born on September 23, 1943, Cold Spring, New York, U.S. and died on February 28, 1903, Trenton, New Jersey, of stomach cancer. She was born into Sylvanus and Phebe Warren as the second youngest of the partner’s twelve children. Roebling was born into a very well known family, where her dad, Sylvanus Warren, was a town supervisor and a state assemblyman. She also has an older brother, Gouverneur K. Warren, he graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, who later then became a corps commander in the Union army during the American Civil War. During her teenage years, Emily traveled to Washington and attended the prestigious Georgetown Academy of Visitation, that was when she studied astronomy, French, History, and Algebra with many more subjects. In the book called “Chief Engineer: Washington Roebling, The Man Who Built the Brooklyn Bridge”, Erica Wagner writes “Her intelligence, liveliness, and charm were always apparent to those around her.”

During her first meeting her brother at the army, Emily was already acquainted with a civil engineer, Washington A. Roebling. He was the son of John A. Roebling; German-American engineer that was famous for building the suspension bridges. The Roeblings married in 1865, and later on, travel to Europe while Emily was pregnant. After the married, Washington describes Emily as a woman of infinite tact and wisest counsel. During the Europe tour, Emily accompanies her beloved husband in the study of caissons, “the watertight structures filled with compressed air that would later enable workers to dig beneath the East River.” While she and her husband were at the European countries, her father in law was preparing for a bridge construction across the East River, “The Brooklyn Bridge or The Great East River Bridge.”

After their return from the European studies, Mr. Roebling died of tetanus. In addition, Washington A. Roebling took over the bridge construction as a chief engineer. The Great East River Bridge was the most photographed structure in the world. Its construction was more treacherous than any others casual pedestrians know. Unfortunately, Mr. Roebling suffered from caisson disease that later leads him to partially paralyzed, mute, blind etc.. This was the disease of a decompression sickness that caused by changing air pressure.

Later, Emily Warren Roebling took law course in New York University and also is the woman who stands up for equality in marriage. She also called “the eyes and ears of Washington.” Emily first start off as a secretary, making abundant notes and went back and forth to the construction sites. Emily also gets around with negotiating the supplies for the bridge construction, supervise the contracts, and be an intermediary for the board of trustees. At some point of her career, Emily became the surrogate chief engineer, where she used her superb diplomatic skills to be in charge of the rival parties such as the mayor of Brooklyn; to tried to eliminate Washington from the project.

The Great East River (The Brooklyn Bridge) was built by hand. There were a lot of undocumented of injuries, lost fingers, falls, and without any safety net. The bridge finally opened on May 24, 1883, to great fanfare.

Present

Again, Emily Warren Roebling is known for her contribution to the completion of the Brooklyn Bridge. In spite of the fact that Emily did not hold an engineering degree, but a law degree from the New York University, she is well known for performing as an engineer manager that ensuring the design project started from her father-in-law and her husband and reached completion. Emily was also reflected as the arbitrator when there were arguments between engineers, manufacturers, contractors, workmen, and board of trustees.

In addition to all of her works for the bridge construction, Emily made many breakthroughs for women engineers, as she was considered as the first woman field engineer. Although her works and accomplishments went unrecognized by those professional organizations, she was listed as one of the builders of the bridge on the dedication plaque. Not just a woman of idolizing, Emily was a adore wife of Washington. She stayed loyal and vigilant about watching out for her husband’s privacy and health.

Not only just an influential woman in history, but Rolling also earned a law degree and later on became one of the first female lawyers in New York State. “ She published “The Journal of the Reverend Silas Constant” (1903) and was active in the women’s group Daughters of the American Revolution.”  Today, there is a plaque on the bridge honoring all three Roebling. It reads: “Back of every great work we can find the self-sacrificing devotion of a woman.” Despite to all of her success, three principles values that helped Emily to reach her goals were: first, always have responsibility. After the death of her father-in-law and her husband disease, Emily manages to keep track of the construction works and bringing the process of building the bridge to a great completion. Second, there is no limit to what we as women can do. Emily has proven that women can study in any field and stand up for herself and everybody else like how she stood up for her father-in-law and her husband project. Finally, the last principle value is dealing with what the society is needing and how to demonstrate how women are capable of studying/ working in political and science fields. She was also depicted as an intelligent, hardworking woman, and gather all the opportunities that push her to move forward.

Future

Back to what the old society was, education was the main issue in every part of the world. The opportunity of sending to school was higher for men than women. Women were expected to be elegant and gentle. They insisted to stay home and with lack of opportunity toward the society. Science, Politic, and Engineering was not a well know topic that women would have the opportunity to study and working. Emily Warren Roebling has conquered every milestone and proven that she is capable as men so do other women too. She was capable of achieving her dream and fighting for opportunities.  Emily works and ethics give counteragent and motivation for other women in every part of the world to stand up for herself, going to school, going to college and get a degree on the subject they are passionate at. All of her performances and actions inspired our new generation to fight for their passion and dream.