Traditional Medicine Introduction (Herbalism)

As defined by the WHO (World Health Organization) traditional medicine is “traditional medicine refers to the knowledge, skills, and practices based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences indigenous to different cultures, used in the maintenance of health and in the prevention, diagnosis, improvement or treatment of physical and mental illness.” In most African and Asian countries, almost 80% of the population consider traditional medicine as their primary health care needs. Around the world, the practices of traditional medicine include traditional Chinese medicine, traditional European medicine, traditional African medicine, traditional Korean medicine, Siddha medicine, Ayurveda, Unani, Iranian (Persian),  ancient Iranian Medicine, Islamic medicine, Ifa, and Muti. The study of traditional medicine includes ethnomedicine, ethnobotany, medical anthropology, and herbalism.

In addition, herbal medicine or can be called as Herbalism is the learning of botany that uses various types of plant for medical purposes. In herbal medicine, plants have been the primary health needs for basic medical treatments. The tradition of using the herbal medicine is world-wide practiced today. As for contemporary example, the making of modern medicine uses many plants as their primary ingredient. Not just the use of plants, herbal medicine sometimes include bee products, fungal, minerals, shells, and a certain part of animals. Base on the data of the World Health Organization, 75% of the world populations are currently using herbal medicine as their daily life basic health care needs. In other words, Herbal medicine also called botanical medicine, phytomedicine or phytotherapy. The most important part of the plant that used as the medicine is seeds, roots, berries, leaves, fruits, bark, flower or the entire plant. In addition, Chinese herbalism is one of the most use ancient herbal traditions in the world.


Youth Film Festivval

I’m currently in an exploration call Youth Film Festival. In this exploration, my teammates and I are working on creating a new film festival that will be host in Phnom Penh later on this year. Our big mission for this year project is introducing filmmaking to government students in order to bring more growth to our film industry. This will also provide students their future possible careers and to start on something new. Creating a film will allow students to express their thoughts or problem in society. We have worked toward to open up a workshop that our members will help to work with them in the basic of scriptwriting, film producing, and film editing.


We have the plan to travel to several places to host the film workshop for specific high schools in Cambodia. We have planned that our workshop will last for three days, and the submitters will require to submit their film during the workshop. With this aim, there will be top four films from each school will be showcased during the event day and with other additional films from the Phnom Penh area.

Critical Teen Issue (CTI)

In this school year projects, I’m in one of the project call CTI (critical teen issue). This project is mainly focusing on discussing the critical issues that teens are dealing with in their daily lives. We have addressed some of the most important issues facing our teenagers at this time. Our main topic for this first round is a healthy relationship. In class, we have done many activities that demonstrate what is a healthy relationship vs a nonhealthy relationship. This will focus on the relationship with our partner, peer, parents, and society. At the end of this round, we have come up with a workshop plan and survey to guide the workshop about the healthy teen relationship.


Here are the discussion questions about healthy teen relationships that our team has come up with. Can you figure out your answers to the questions?



  1. How do you know if you are actually in a relationship?
  2. Why did my partner choose me?
  3. How much time should I devote to my partner?
  4. Is a relationship a healthy or unhealthy distraction?
  5. How do I really know how much my partner cares and his/her perspective?
  6. When is it appropriate to discuss a relationship with others? Must both people agree first?
  7. Do you go into a relationship thinking it will end? How is a relationship maintained?
  8. How do you balance time with partners and peers?



  1. Do you have to be friends with people in the same socioeconomic class as you?
  2. How can we overcome shyness to have more friends or be more comfortable around others?  
  3. How do you know if a person is a real friend?
  4. What do you do when peers make fun of your relationship?
  5. How do you measure loyalty and honesty?
  6. How does one find a healthy competition with peers?
  7. When is it appropriate to sacrifice for your friendships?



  1. Is it natural and normal for teenagers to rebel against their parents when they are teenagers?
  2. Would I feel better communicating my problems with my parents?
  3. How do we change Cambodian culture in regards to teenagers?
  4. How do we create more trust among our family members?  
  5. What is the appropriate balance of authority and friendship?  
  6. How do we cope with our parents’ expectations of us?
  7. What would you do if your parents find out about your relationship?
  8. What do my parents expect me after I graduate from Liger?


  1. Is it time that we change the ways of living?
  2. How do we cope with the pressure of being a change agent?
  3. What are some of the stereotypes that affect teenagers from society?
  4. How does social media affect our relationships?
  5. How much should we care about trends in society?
  6. What pressures of body image and appearance do teenagers face in Cambodia?


MATE competetition

This year the MATE Center and the Marine Technology Society ROV committee, they created the ROV competition as a goal to engage students in the STEM and provide more exposure toward science and technology fields, encourage students to work in a team to solve problem, and provide funds and resources to support students in their learning area. The competition is to challenge students to design and build  ROVs in order to solve ocean problems. There is three level of the competition’s class, beginner, intermediate, and advanced. The MATE competition requires students to think of themselves as an entrepreneur and form their team as a company and create and sell their products. Students also require to build poster, write technical reports, and engineering preparations that will be examined by the judge during the competition. For ASEAN Regional will be held in Surabaya, Indonesia in April 2019. For this first round, I have been working on finding out about the sponsors and emailing the Mate information center.

Engineering Strand: Biography of Emily Roebling

Past – Childhood

Emily Warren Roebling, a female engineer largely responsible for guiding construction of the Brooklyn Bridge, was born on September 23, 1943, Cold Spring, New York, U.S. and died on February 28, 1903, Trenton, New Jersey, of stomach cancer. She was born into Sylvanus and Phebe Warren as the second youngest of the partner’s twelve children. Roebling was born into a very well known family, where her dad, Sylvanus Warren, was a town supervisor and a state assemblyman. She also has an older brother, Gouverneur K. Warren, he graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, who later then became a corps commander in the Union army during the American Civil War. During her teenage years, Emily traveled to Washington and attended the prestigious Georgetown Academy of Visitation, that was when she studied astronomy, French, History, and Algebra with many more subjects. In the book called “Chief Engineer: Washington Roebling, The Man Who Built the Brooklyn Bridge”, Erica Wagner writes “Her intelligence, liveliness, and charm were always apparent to those around her.”

During her first meeting her brother at the army, Emily was already acquainted with a civil engineer, Washington A. Roebling. He was the son of John A. Roebling; German-American engineer that was famous for building the suspension bridges. The Roeblings married in 1865, and later on, travel to Europe while Emily was pregnant. After the married, Washington describes Emily as a woman of infinite tact and wisest counsel. During the Europe tour, Emily accompanies her beloved husband in the study of caissons, “the watertight structures filled with compressed air that would later enable workers to dig beneath the East River.” While she and her husband were at the European countries, her father in law was preparing for a bridge construction across the East River, “The Brooklyn Bridge or The Great East River Bridge.”

After their return from the European studies, Mr. Roebling died of tetanus. In addition, Washington A. Roebling took over the bridge construction as a chief engineer. The Great East River Bridge was the most photographed structure in the world. Its construction was more treacherous than any others casual pedestrians know. Unfortunately, Mr. Roebling suffered from caisson disease that later leads him to partially paralyzed, mute, blind etc.. This was the disease of a decompression sickness that caused by changing air pressure.

Later, Emily Warren Roebling took law course in New York University and also is the woman who stands up for equality in marriage. She also called “the eyes and ears of Washington.” Emily first start off as a secretary, making abundant notes and went back and forth to the construction sites. Emily also gets around with negotiating the supplies for the bridge construction, supervise the contracts, and be an intermediary for the board of trustees. At some point of her career, Emily became the surrogate chief engineer, where she used her superb diplomatic skills to be in charge of the rival parties such as the mayor of Brooklyn; to tried to eliminate Washington from the project.

About the bridge

The Great East River (The Brooklyn Bridge) was built by hand. There were a lot of undocumented of injuries, lost fingers, falls, and without any safety net. The bridge finally opened on May 24, 1883, to great fanfare.


Again, Emily Warren Roebling is known for her contribution to the completion of the Brooklyn Bridge. In spite of the fact that Emily did not hold an engineering degree, but a law degree from the New York University, she is well known for performing as an engineer manager that ensuring the design project started from her father-in-law and her husband and reached completion. Emily was also reflected as the arbitrator when there were arguments between engineers, manufacturers, contractors, workmen, and board of trustees.

In addition to all of her works for the bridge construction, Emily made many breakthroughs for women engineers, as she was considered as the first woman field engineer. Although her works and accomplishments went unrecognized by those professional organizations, she was listed as one of the builders of the bridge on the dedication plaque. Not just a woman of idolizing, Emily was a adore wife of Washington. She stayed loyal and vigilant about watching out for her husband’s privacy and health.

Not only just an influential woman in history, but Rolling also earned a law degree and later on became one of the first female lawyers in New York State. “ She published “The Journal of the Reverend Silas Constant” (1903) and was active in the women’s group Daughters of the American Revolution.”  Today, there is a plaque on the bridge honoring all three Roebling. It reads: “Back of every great work we can find the self-sacrificing devotion of a woman.” Despite to all of her success, three principles values that helped Emily to reach her goals were: first, always have responsibility. After the death of her father-in-law and her husband disease, Emily manages to keep track of the construction works and bringing the process of building the bridge to a great completion. Second, there is no limit to what we as women can do. Emily has proven that women can study in any field and stand up for herself and everybody else like how she stood up for her father-in-law and her husband project. Finally, the last principle value is dealing with what the society is needing and how to demonstrate how women are capable of studying/ working in political and science fields. She was also depicted as an intelligent, hardworking woman, and gather all the opportunities that push her to move forward.


Back to what the old society was, education was the main issue in every part of the world. The opportunity of sending to school was higher for men than women. Women were expected to be elegant and gentle. They insisted to stay home and with lack of opportunity toward the society. Science, Politic, and Engineering was not a well know topic that women would have the opportunity to study and working. Emily Warren Roebling has conquered every milestone and proven that she is capable as men so do other women too. She was capable of achieving her dream and fighting for opportunities.  Emily works and ethics give counteragent and motivation for other women in every part of the world to stand up for herself, going to school, going to college and get a degree on the subject they are passionate at. All of her performances and actions inspired our new generation to fight for their passion and dream.

Healthcare Exploration Speakers

Healthcare Exploration

Besides having field trips to medical schools, hospitals, clinic, or organization, we also welcomed speakers into our class and had a conversation about their work experiences and perspective in the medical field on the health care system in Cambodia. We talked to nurse Rathana (our school nurse) about her educational and work background in the medical field. Nurse Rathana has worked in a government hospital for one year in Kep, work in Women Resource Center for one year and a half, work in JPA for three years, and currently working in LLA. Rathana also described her experiences working in Kep to the rest of our team. Back then, there was not much hospitality and there was a lack of resources. Today, things have changed direction, and there have been great improvements to the medical care system. Rathana is hoping for more improvements that should be offered to public healthcare centers.

In addition, we also had visitors from Doctors without Borders (MSF); Helen and San. Helen is a nurse from Australia that went through training in the UK. San is a Cambodian doctor trained in Cambodia. They have been working on HIV, TB, Hepatitis C projects in Cambodia. Both of these people shared their perspectives on the health care system in Cambodia, such as needed improvements in human resources, cleanliness, and medical technology etc.. San and Helen are also hoping to help implement new strategies to improve the healthcare system over the next few years.

Journeys Of Change

Journeys of Change is a bike tour experience that will share insights into the lives of everyday Cambodians by creating a tour for visitors and locals, of the Phnom Penh area. The tour will focus on explaining the changes that have occurred and are occurring in this country, while simultaneously supporting local businesses, being environmentally conscious,  training tour guides in responsible tourism, providing cross-cultural exchanges, and creating job opportunities for Liger students to help further and fund their education, after high school. 

3D – Design

Have you ever wondered how man-made things in our physical world have been created? Ever look at a building, bridge, computer, or motorbike and wonder how it all came together so perfectly? Have you ever thought about how things were designed in order to fulfill a certain requirement? Chances are they were created with the help of Computer Aided Design or CAD.  CAD is used in many industries including all types of engineering like Aerospace, Automotive, and Medical.  It is used to make magnificent architectural designs that decorate our cities.  CAD is also used for animation and special effects.

The reason CAD is used in all these industries is that using a computer to design increases the accuracy of the expression of the designer since the computer can calculate geometries at a very fast rate.

Before CAD was invented, designs were made by creating drawings and many iterations of prototypes with different materials before a design could be approved.  Now with the help of CAD we can approve a design and rapid prototype (3D print) very quickly cutting design time significantly.  Now with 3D printing becoming more popular, anyone can design on a computer and create objects in real life!

On behalf of the students of the Liger Learning center, we hope to inspire you to start playing in the world of 3D with our 3D design curriculum!

– How was design done before CAD ( computer-aided design)?

– show examples of 3D design in the industry?

– Which industries do we use CAD?

– Architecture aerospace automotive dentistry

– Creating product with 3D printing

– Thing liger has created with CAD?



What is PBL?

  • Project-based learning (PBL) Key Points:
  • educational method (not just a teaching or learning style)
  • actively explore
  • real-world problems, challenges
  • deeper knowledge, skills, experiences
  • outside of the classroom
  • learning by doing (experiential)
  • realistic products, solutions or outcomes


Project-based learning is an educational method that involves inspiring students in problem-solving and investigative activities to gain deeper knowledge, skills, and experiences; giving students the opportunity to actively explore challenging questions and real-world problems outside of the classroom resulting in realistic products, solutions or other outcomes.

This are the pictures from our trip (Chbar Ompov highschool, Kratie)

Waste Management 3

Project Summary

The exploration module follows the waste explorations of the previous two rounds, where the students have already determined the lines of business and started to experiment with the concepts relating to these businesses. The focus of the exploration to develop the compost creating the side of the business. We will not only continue our experiments with composting but will also see how possible it is to get community buy-in, by attempting a small-scale operation of the business with households in Phum Champous-Kaek, particularly asking households and businesses to separate their organic waste for us. The final goal of the exploration will be to further refine a previously-started business plan that can be used as a solution for areas of Cambodia that have a lack of sufficient garbage collection.

Project Outcome

What will students be able to do/write/create/build?

  • Create an effective and more complete business plan

  • Learn the various purposes of a business plan

  • Plan and conduct community outreach

  • Conduct experiments with compost that can be used to vet business concepts

  • Develop business plans and objectives

  • Conduct experiments on compost yield

Trip to Battambang