Engineering Strand: Biography of Emily Roebling

Past – Childhood

Emily Warren Roebling, a female engineer largely responsible for guiding construction of the Brooklyn Bridge, was born on September 23, 1943, Cold Spring, New York, U.S. and died on February 28, 1903, Trenton, New Jersey, of stomach cancer. She was born into Sylvanus and Phebe Warren as the second youngest of the partner’s twelve children. Roebling was born into a very well known family, where her dad, Sylvanus Warren, was a town supervisor and a state assemblyman. She also has an older brother, Gouverneur K. Warren, he graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, who later then became a corps commander in the Union army during the American Civil War. During her teenage years, Emily traveled to Washington and attended the prestigious Georgetown Academy of Visitation, that was when she studied astronomy, French, History, and Algebra with many more subjects. In the book called “Chief Engineer: Washington Roebling, The Man Who Built the Brooklyn Bridge”, Erica Wagner writes “Her intelligence, liveliness, and charm were always apparent to those around her.”

During her first meeting her brother at the army, Emily was already acquainted with a civil engineer, Washington A. Roebling. He was the son of John A. Roebling; German-American engineer that was famous for building the suspension bridges. The Roeblings married in 1865, and later on, travel to Europe while Emily was pregnant. After the married, Washington describes Emily as a woman of infinite tact and wisest counsel. During the Europe tour, Emily accompanies her beloved husband in the study of caissons, “the watertight structures filled with compressed air that would later enable workers to dig beneath the East River.” While she and her husband were at the European countries, her father in law was preparing for a bridge construction across the East River, “The Brooklyn Bridge or The Great East River Bridge.”

After their return from the European studies, Mr. Roebling died of tetanus. In addition, Washington A. Roebling took over the bridge construction as a chief engineer. The Great East River Bridge was the most photographed structure in the world. Its construction was more treacherous than any others casual pedestrians know. Unfortunately, Mr. Roebling suffered from caisson disease that later leads him to partially paralyzed, mute, blind etc.. This was the disease of a decompression sickness that caused by changing air pressure.

Later, Emily Warren Roebling took law course in New York University and also is the woman who stands up for equality in marriage. She also called “the eyes and ears of Washington.” Emily first start off as a secretary, making abundant notes and went back and forth to the construction sites. Emily also gets around with negotiating the supplies for the bridge construction, supervise the contracts, and be an intermediary for the board of trustees. At some point of her career, Emily became the surrogate chief engineer, where she used her superb diplomatic skills to be in charge of the rival parties such as the mayor of Brooklyn; to tried to eliminate Washington from the project.

About the bridge

The Great East River (The Brooklyn Bridge) was built by hand. There were a lot of undocumented of injuries, lost fingers, falls, and without any safety net. The bridge finally opened on May 24, 1883, to great fanfare.


Again, Emily Warren Roebling is known for her contribution to the completion of the Brooklyn Bridge. In spite of the fact that Emily did not hold an engineering degree, but a law degree from the New York University, she is well known for performing as an engineer manager that ensuring the design project started from her father-in-law and her husband and reached completion. Emily was also reflected as the arbitrator when there were arguments between engineers, manufacturers, contractors, workmen, and board of trustees.

In addition to all of her works for the bridge construction, Emily made many breakthroughs for women engineers, as she was considered as the first woman field engineer. Although her works and accomplishments went unrecognized by those professional organizations, she was listed as one of the builders of the bridge on the dedication plaque. Not just a woman of idolizing, Emily was a adore wife of Washington. She stayed loyal and vigilant about watching out for her husband’s privacy and health.

Not only just an influential woman in history, but Rolling also earned a law degree and later on became one of the first female lawyers in New York State. “ She published “The Journal of the Reverend Silas Constant” (1903) and was active in the women’s group Daughters of the American Revolution.”  Today, there is a plaque on the bridge honoring all three Roebling. It reads: “Back of every great work we can find the self-sacrificing devotion of a woman.” Despite to all of her success, three principles values that helped Emily to reach her goals were: first, always have responsibility. After the death of her father-in-law and her husband disease, Emily manages to keep track of the construction works and bringing the process of building the bridge to a great completion. Second, there is no limit to what we as women can do. Emily has proven that women can study in any field and stand up for herself and everybody else like how she stood up for her father-in-law and her husband project. Finally, the last principle value is dealing with what the society is needing and how to demonstrate how women are capable of studying/ working in political and science fields. She was also depicted as an intelligent, hardworking woman, and gather all the opportunities that push her to move forward.


Back to what the old society was, education was the main issue in every part of the world. The opportunity of sending to school was higher for men than women. Women were expected to be elegant and gentle. They insisted to stay home and with lack of opportunity toward the society. Science, Politic, and Engineering was not a well know topic that women would have the opportunity to study and working. Emily Warren Roebling has conquered every milestone and proven that she is capable as men so do other women too. She was capable of achieving her dream and fighting for opportunities.  Emily works and ethics give counteragent and motivation for other women in every part of the world to stand up for herself, going to school, going to college and get a degree on the subject they are passionate at. All of her performances and actions inspired our new generation to fight for their passion and dream.

Healthcare Exploration Speakers

Healthcare Exploration

Besides having field trips to medical schools, hospitals, clinic, or organization, we also welcomed speakers into our class and had a conversation about their work experiences and perspective in the medical field on the health care system in Cambodia. We talked to nurse Rathana (our school nurse) about her educational and work background in the medical field. Nurse Rathana has worked in a government hospital for one year in Kep, work in Women Resource Center for one year and a half, work in JPA for three years, and currently working in LLA. Rathana also described her experiences working in Kep to the rest of our team. Back then, there was not much hospitality and there was a lack of resources. Today, things have changed direction, and there have been great improvements to the medical care system. Rathana is hoping for more improvements that should be offered to public healthcare centers.

In addition, we also had visitors from Doctors without Borders (MSF); Helen and San. Helen is a nurse from Australia that went through training in the UK. San is a Cambodian doctor trained in Cambodia. They have been working on HIV, TB, Hepatitis C projects in Cambodia. Both of these people shared their perspectives on the health care system in Cambodia, such as needed improvements in human resources, cleanliness, and medical technology etc.. San and Helen are also hoping to help implement new strategies to improve the healthcare system over the next few years.

Black Lives Matter Poem


Black Lives Matter Poem

Standing on the same ground,

They always told me that white is hope

And black is stain

They always told me that white is light

And black is rain


Growing up in the same community,

They say I’ll never get it

Even if I tried

They keep throwing object and rocks

Every time I passed by


Rolling on the same ground,

They say the grasses would be greener

If I move aside

They told me it will be better

But they lied


Opening my eyes under the same sun,

My eyelids are feeling heavy

Without any clue

My eyes are filled with tears

With the deepest blue


Reaching out for hope,

They say I should give up and go home

don’t be awake

They say I should cover myself up

Because I was born as a mistake


Wandering through thoughts,

My mind is filled with painful memories

I close my eyes

For the next second, minute, and hour, I’ve realized

I deserve better


Waking up as the sun rises,

I refuse to say I am blind

Am not blind

I get up and walk out to the world

Feel the fresh air around my mind

Believing in myself that,

I am self-sufficient, I’m tough

And Mighty

I am not a robot, I’m amazing

And lively


Screaming for peace and hope,

I believe that everyone should be treated the same

And let no one tell you different

I believe that everyone is bond together

And fight for the present


Continuing living my life,

I will fight

I will fight for my own right, my people right

I will fight against discrimination

I will fight against racism

I will fight against corruption

I will fight every second, minute, hour

And I will fight against power

Black Panther

Name: Samnang Hor

Class Period: D

Date: 03/04/2017

Topic: The physics of Black Panther


What is the superhero? Superhero is a character in a movie or story that has the special abilities and uses it to help others in need. He or she has the abilities and power to fight the evil, fly and helping people who are in need. Superheroes are everywhere in these present days because their stories mostly apprehend the important truths about our human nature.

One of the brilliant superheroes of all the others is the Black Panther. The Black Panther originally comes from a ritual title given to the chief of the Panther Tribe of a fictional African nation called Wakanda. From the Black Panther trailer, Wakanda nation is the “most technologically advanced nation in the world.” T’Challa father, the previous king of Wakanda, was killed by Ulysses Klaw during giving a speech at a UN conference. After the death of his father, the prince returns to his technologically advanced home (Wakanda nation) and officially became the king of Wakanda. Not long after the return, Black Panther enemy reappears and building up conflicts and dangerous risks to the entire world. The power king and all of his allies put in strong commitment, defeat the evil enemy, and create security for all of his people. But what power does the Black Panther has to defeat the powerful enemy?

As Wakanda located in East Africa, this place is the essential element of language, cultures and rich natural resource. In the Marvel Universe, Wakanda is an environment full of minerals and a rich substance called vibranium. To the science behind the Marvel Universe, vibranium is a metal that is capable of observing vibration and waves. Many superheroes used vibranium to create their weapons and armor. IN the movie, Shuri, Black Panther’s sister, was the engineer that uses vibranium to create the Black Panther’s suit that store kinetic energy, which bullets from the enemy bounces off the hero. According to Kakalios, a physicist and astronomers at the University of Minnesota, he stated that “In the Black Panther, blasts absorbed by a vibranium suit would have to go somewhere. Energy can’t be lost and suggests a phenomenon called sonoluminescence, in which waves are converted to light.”

In most of the Marvel Universe, vibranium has the honor of being special and was considered as the least understand materials in the fictional Marvel world. It is well known in the Captain America’s shield and the Black Panther’s suit are made out of vibranium to absorbs kinetic energy. “T’Challa’s senses and physical attributes have been enhanced to superhuman levels by the heart-shaped herb.” Black Panther is a great warrior and the king who save many people and bringing peace to Wakanda. He has the ability to master plan the battle with the enemy and every step of his plan will always highly achieve his goals and the protection of Wakanda kingdom.

Research Paper – Hera

Name: Samnang Hor

Class Period: Lit A

Date: 19/03/2018

Topic: Hera The Greek Goddess


Hera’s Roman name Juno, known as the ‘Queen of the ancient Greek Gods’, ‘The Queen of Heaven’, and ‘The Queen of Olympian Deities’. She was the Greek goddess represented the ideal of women, childbirth, marriage, and family. People knew her as the most beautiful and powerful goddess. The goddess Hera ruled overs the heavens and earth, she is responsible for every aspect of existence, including the seasons and the weather.  Hera had super strength, immortality, and opposition to injury. Despite being the goddess of marriage, Hera had the ability to bless and curse marriages and also competent to protect women from rape, death during childbirth, and help preserving the health of all women. Olympus is where she normally resides since she is the queens of the gods. In the ancient time, Hera image is found mostly in households and around the hearth.

Hera was the daughter of Titans Cronus and Rhea, the king and queen of the Titans. She was born on the riverbanks of Imbrasons, under a willow tree. Samos was believed to be the birthplace of Hera. A large sanctuary, the Heraion, was built on the spot of her birth. This was one of the oldest temples in Greece. When Hera and her siblings were born Cronos her father, scared that his children would someday overthrow him, so he swallowed all of them. one of his children was going to kill him, so he swallowed all of them, including Hera. Later on, when Zeus was born and grew up he killed Cronus and freed his brothers and sisters. Hera had five siblings, three brothers (Poseidon, Hades, and Zeus) and two sisters (Hestia and Demeter). She’s then married to her younger brother Zeus, the King of the Gods.  Hera has four children, Eileithyia, the goddess of childbirth, Ares, the Olympian god of war, Hebe, the goddess of youth and Hephaestus, the Olympian god of Metallurgy.

As mentioned above, Hera was swallowed after birth by her father, Cronus. Her other four siblings suffered the same fate. Rhea, a Hera mother, managed to save Zeus, the youngest child. Zeus later then rescued his brothers and sister by giving his father a potion that caused him to vomit all of them up. Some myth says that Hera was raised by the Tans Oceanus and Tethys. Others claimed that she grew up under the care of Temenus, who ruled the region of Arcadia in Greece.  As Hera became older and more beautiful Zeus decided to made Hera his wife. Afterward, Hera became a mother. She was the mother of the great hero Hercules. One day Hera was envying her son Hercules so out of jealousy she places poisonous snakes in his crib but before the snakes could advance on him he woke up and casualty strangled them to death.

Hera’s symbols are the cuckoo, it symbolized Zeus’ love for her because Zeus was disguised in a cuckoo when he conquered her.The plants associating to Hera include the lily, poppy, stephanotis, cypress, coconut, iris, white rose, waterlily, maple trees along with all other white flowers. Gems and metals that represent Hera are silver, pearls, garnet, citrine, amber, diamond and star sapphire. Hera used the weapon of love and compassion to defeat even the meanest allowing them to become nicer and loving. The silver pin and bronze ax head have been inscribed with a dedication to Hera. Some of the most known Hera’s symbols are the peacock- an ancient symbol of immortality, the scepter, and the diadem. There are also some small symbols such as the lily, the cow, the orange tree, the apple tree, the Salix, the fig and the myrrh. Hera means “lady”, She is depicted as stunningly beautiful. The animals that represent Hera are the cow, eagle, crabs and other creatures with shells. Hera was considered so incredibly beautiful even topping the beauty of Aphrodite. Her sandals, chariot, and throne were all of pure gold. She wore a high, cylindrical crown. Hera’s revengeful nature was taken out on anyone questioning her beauty as taken out on Antigone and Paris. The queen was serious about her looks and no one would be more desirable.

The Heraia was a festival dedicated to Hera. Like the Olympic Games, this festival contained athletic competitions and was held at Olympia. Nevertheless, only women were allowed to compete at the Heraia festival. Daedala is other ancient Greek festival. Daedala, ancient festival of Hera, consort of the supreme god Zeus. The Daedalus was celebrated on Mount Cithaeron in Boeotia (in present-day central Greece). Hera was the patron goddess of the landscape Argolis. In Olympia, her temple is even older than that of Zeus, and games to her honor were held there for women.

Hera marriage to her brother Zeus in order to cover my shame of being taken forcefully. It started going Zeus fell in love with her but courted her unsuccessfully. Zeus then one day transformed himself into a cuckoo and flown out of her window and pretended to be freezing cold. At the sight of the bird, she felt very sorrow and pity so she took it inside and held it to my breast to warm it. Zeus then transformed himself back to original state and took advantage of Hera. She was so ashamed of being “exploited” that she had agreed to marriage which took place at the Garden of Hesperides. The sacred wedding was celebrated with honors and sacrifices and lasted for 3000 years. Everyone welcomed Hera as their new Queen, singing hymns and giving many presents to her.

Hera’s role became one of the ideal wives, and her marriage to Zeus became the prototype for monogamy. As much, as a symbol of compulsive jealousy, Hera endeared herself to the love of many families and wives alike. She was very protective to the affairs of such people. Her jealousy was not only powered by her indignation at being left out at the initial division of the universe, but also to the endless revenge on Zeus’ many lovers and their families. Her constant emotional conflict with Zeus was redolent of the inconvenient assimilation between the invasion of the followers of Zeus and her own indigenous goddess cult. Her worship is sometimes dismissed as a “fertility cult”, largely because religious practices deteriorated under new influences.  Hera herself, on the other hand, was very faithful to Zeus in the means of sexuality, but didn’t obey her husband which was also important for marriage in Ancient Greece’s culture.

Visualize my Identity – Virtual Exchange

“I”- What is part of your self-identity (unique to you)? Is this part of your identity visible to the outside world?

“YOU”- Have you ever met someone whose self-identity was very different than your own? Why were they different and did you find any commonalities? 

“WE”- How does your family, community, or national identity influence you as an individual?

“I”- I’m a social person. I’m very talkative and I love being out in the world. This part of my identity is visible to the outside world but on the other hand, I’m not always a real social person. I’m not always confident in some social situation. Sometimes I even avoid talking to people and stay in my own little comfort zone with my only self. 

“YOU”- I’m friend with someone who is very quiet and shy. That girl is my best friend, she’s not loud like me, she has way different style of clothing than me, she’s a mature person than me where she always gives me advice on life and pushes me forward every time I fell down. But that doesn’t stop us from being a best friend. We always manage to listen to each other stories and share the experience. We both love making crazy ideas and laugh at stupid jokes. To us, every time we feel down we know for sure that one another will turn the frown into a smile and lift each other head up when either of us is losing faith.

“WE”- I grew up in a small town in the middle of Cambodia. I grew up in a community where I was taught to understand that mistakes are bad, fears of failure, giving up on my goals, and so many more stereotypes and rules that influence me from my family and people surrounding me in the community. But all of those lessons and rules change over time after I started studying at the Liger Leadership Academy. I’m now taught to be understood that making mistakes is making the experience, failure teaches the lesson that strongly encourages me to redo the tasks again, and fight for my goals. I’m now taught to work hard, to be honest, to be very independent, to never rely on anyone for anything and to work harder for my accomplishment. 

Words Don’t Define You

Words Don’t Define You

By.. “Samnang Hor”

Clothing and styling have had a significant effect on self-esteem and confidence. Your style and the clothes you choose reflect and affect your mood, health, and overall self-confidence. Clothing is used to conserve privacy also be an expression of your personal identity and national culture and customs. For example, short skirts, small shorts, or any revealing tops are not very common in Cambodia, but traditional Cambodian fashion clothes define our culture and customs.

But things become different in these recent years, more trends and fashion are approaching society. For the past recent years, Cambodians have adopted more trend styles from the Western, such as Italy, France, Korea, Hong Kong, etc.

In the modern society, it is frequently to see young adolescent females wearing revealing clothes such as short skirts, tank tops, crop tops, or any revealing apparel. Do all of these girls be notified of positive reactions? Or it is all about insulting in negative aspects.

Going to work, school or outdoor, those girls and women often wear makeups, stylish fashion dresses, shorts or skirts. These people consistently get negative comments from men and older people. Those comments and criticisms are all about the revealing clothing are attention-getting and sexual attractions. For Cambodians, wearing this type of clothes (revealing apparel) means opposing the formal Khmer, cultural dressing styles. In school, female students are wearing short skirts cause a distraction to male students from studying, and teachers to provide a low condition of education.

On March 29, 2010, a report from the Phnom Penh Post news article has stated that “more than 100 people who came out to urge Khmer women to dress modestly.” In addition, San Arun, a Secretary of State for the Ministry of Women’s affair, has also stated that “Wearing short skirts and sexy clothes cause rape to occur, because all men, went they see white skin, immediately feel like having sex.”

Instead of telling women to stop wearing revealing clothes, why don’t we all start a marched against human right and male perpetrators who rape women and young child, the men who commit violence in his family each day and night or male teachers who sexually harass their female students?

A sentence Cambodian usually said it out loud everytime a woman wearing revealing clothes walking passes them, “wearing sexy clothing can cause traffic accidents”. By that those people are commenting on how wearing revealing clothes catches attention and distracts drivers on the roads.

Dr. Jennifer Baumgartners is a psychoanalyst of clothing. She recently published a book called You Are What You Wear. This book concerns body image issues such as dressing too old or too young for our age or too big and small for our size. You Are What You Wear is all about media’s sexualization of women. The book is the guide of having confidence in your appearance and being your true self. What Dr. Baumgartners is trying to emphasis on is how allowing the readers to feel understood and that she is not alone.

Media is a very powerful place to promote culture and custom, but it can also be very harmful. Young teenagers now get a lot of effects from social media, these teenagers will follow what they heard and saw projected in the media. In 2002, Prime Minister Hun Sen banned pop stars in Cambodia from advertising in revealing clothes when they appeared on television.

Quoted by Agence-France Presse (AFP), our prime minister Hun Sen said:  “These singers who like to wear sexy clothes look like they have not enough clothing. Don’t bring them on to TV, let them sing in nightclubs or restaurants. This is not Cambodian tradition, and we have our own rich traditions and culture.”   

In the present day, society has a tendency to jump to a quick and judgment in the name of propriety. In these few decades, there are a lot of painful public shaming of how women wear revealing clothes and how girls wear makeup to impress boys. This has been a really big discussion issue around the world, and more than likely, if you’re a woman, you’ve encountered all of the effects and judgments.

A makeup artist quoted, “We don’t wear makeup to look pretty. We wear it because we enjoy the process of putting it on. The ‘natural look makes us cringe & bright colors are more fun. We don’t do it for the boys, we do it for ourselves. Eyeshadow is our drug. Sephora, Ulta & MAC are our dealers. repost if makeup isn’t just materials, but your passion.”

We realize that society is very judgemental and complicated. Just because somebody dresses or looks a certain way doesn’t mean that’s how they are, people have different styles and tastes. Everyone has the right to express themselves. We’re living in a world where judging has become that nasty, even cough people can’t seem to get rid of. Life is too short for it, let’s lift people up instead of bringing them down.

Dedicated to all girls and women, every morning when you wake up, tell yourself to not worry about what others think of you because people’s words don’t define you. Always remember that you are braver than you believe, stronger than you seem, smarter than you think and twice as beautiful as you’d ever imagined. No matter how old or young you are, no matter how tall or short you are, no matter how curvy or slim you are, no matter how or who you are. Wear whatever makes you feel beautiful, whatever makes you feel confident and buy clothes the size you want to wear.

Make your own definition of beauty.



Ocean Breeze – Poem

“Ocean Breeze”

Hearing the waves, my soul is free,

Sand and water as eyes see,

It’s peaceful as if I can fly,

It’s peace, it’s nature, it’ll never die.


Silent blisses outside, gentle wind rolling,

Up the sky sunlight dancing on the green,

Shimmering sunshine shining through waves,

Casting shadows and light without delay.


The ocean, almost as if it’s calling me,

A place to make all my thoughts free,

And leave everything very far behind,

The thoughts of happiness running through my mind,


The sunset ends the day to rest,

My day went through everything best,

The blowing wind roars through the waves,

Colouring in orange, nature saved.


The red ball of fire ready to leave,

Setting to rest with little breeze,

Slowly comes the peaceful night, 

Devouring that magic under the moonlight.

Coral Reef – Short stories

Khmer     English     Phonetic 

សំណាង : អួយ! សប្បាយចិត្តដល់ហើយ ពេលបានមកលេងសមុទ្រម្តងៗ!
Samnang : Oy! Sabay chet dol hery pel ban mok leng sa-mut 
Samnang : Oh! Everytime when I get here, I am so happy!!!

សុវណ្ណារី : ធ្វើមើលតែមួយលោកហ្នឹង មានតែឯង ។ ខ្ញុំក៏សប្បាយចិត្តដែរ ។
Sovannary : Tver merl tae mouy lok neg mean tae eng. K’nhom 
kor sabay chet del.
Sovannary : Don’t pretend like there only you in this whole world. I’m also excited!

ឈឿ : មែនហើយ ទេសភាពនៅទីនេះស្រស់ស្អាតមែនទែន !
Chhoeu : Men hery tesapheap nov ti nis sros sart men ten!
Chhoeu : Yeb, The scenery here is very beautiful!

សំណាង : តែមានអារម្មណ៍ថា ដូចខុសប្លែកពីមុនយ៉ាងម៉េចទេ?
Samnang : Tae mean arom tha duch kos pleak pi mun yang mech 
Samnang : But, I kinda feel different than before?

សុវណ្ណារី :  ប្លែកមែនតើ! ស្លាប់ហើយ មានសំរាមអណ្តែតលើទឹកទៀត ។
Sovannary : Pleak men toa! Slab hery mean somram ondet ler
 tak tet.
Sovannary : Right! What! There are so many rubbishes 
floating on the surface of the water.

ឈឿ : មិនមែនតែប៉ុណ្្ណឹងនោះទេ សូម្បីតែផ្កាថ្មក៏បាក់ ហើយអណ្តែតមកច្រាំងដែរ ។
Chhoeu : Min mean tae ponneng te sombey tae pkar thmor kor 
bak hery ondet mok jhreg dae.
Chhoeu : Not only that, even corals are also get destroy and
float to the shore.

សុវណ្ណារី : ស្អីគេទៅហៅថាផ្កាថ្ម ? ខ្ញុំមិនដែលឮសោះ ! ហើយរាងវាមេ៉ចទៅ ?
Sovannary : S’ey ke tov hov tha pkar thmor? Khnom min dae 
ler sos! Hery reg vea mech tov?
Sovannary : What is coral? I never heard of it! What does it
looks like?

ឈឿ : វាមានរាងខុសៗគ្នា ខ្លះបែកមែកសាខាដូចដើមឈើ ខ្លះក្រញាញ់ដូចខួរក្បាល
មនុស្ស ខ្លះមានរាងដូចជាបណ្តុំផ្កា ហើយខ្លះមានរាងដូចស្លឹកឈូក ។ សុវណ្ណារីមានដឹង
អត់ថាផ្កាថ្មប្រភេទនេះ មានតួនាទីសំខាន់ណាស់ក្នុងការជួយចម្រុះទឹកសមុទ្រឲ្យស្អាត ?
Chhoeu : Vea mean reg kos kos knea, klas bek mek sa-kha duch 
dem chheu, klas kro nheanh duch khu-kbar monus, klas mean 
reg duch chea bom-dom pkar hery klas mean reg duch sleak 
chuk. Sovannary mean deg ort tha pkar thmor pro-hel nis mean 
tur nea-ti somkhan nas knong ka jouy jom-ross tak samut oy 
Chhoeu : It’s come in so many different shapes, some are like
the tree branches, some are like human brain, and some are 
like flowers. Sovannary, do you know that corals are very 
important for water filter?

សំណាង: ពួកយើងមានដឹងថា ផ្កាថ្មរងផលប៉ះពាល់អ្វីខ្លះដែរអត់ ?
Samnang : Puk yerng mean deng tha pkar thmor rong phal phas 
por avey klas dae ort?
Samnang : Do you know any effects on coral?

សុវណ្ណារី : ស្រួលណាស់! មកពីមនុស្សយើងឃើញថាវាស្អាត ទើបកាច់វាមកសៀតនៅនឹង
សក់ ។
Sovananry : Sroul nas! Mok pi mnous yerng khernh tha va sa 
art terb kach vea mok siet nov ning sok.
Sovanarry : That’s easy! Because our human think that it’s
pretty while taking taking it to decorate our hair.

សំណាង : ចម្លើយល្អមែនតែមិនត្រឹមត្រូវទេ ! 
Samnang : Chom lery laor men tae min trem trov te!
Samnang: Good answer but that’s incorrect!

ឈឿ : ហិ ! ហិ ! ហិ ! ហិ ! ផ្កាថ្ម ទទួលផលប៉ះពាល់មកពីព្យុះធម្មជាតិ !
Chhoeu : he he he he! P’kah thmor t’tuol phal pas peal mok pi
p’youh thoma cheate!
Chhoeu : He he heh he! Coral get the effects from natural 

សំណាង : ក្រៅពីព្យុះធម្មជាតិ វាក៏បណ្តាលមកពីការនេសាទខុសច្បាប់ ដែលមានដូចជា
អូសអួនធំៗ ហើយពេលអូសម្តងៗ ធ្វើអោយស្រទាប់នៅបាតសមុទ្រត្រូវបានបំផ្លិត
បំផ្លាញ ការបោកគ្រាប់បែក ការដាក់ថ្នាំពុល កត្តានេះហើយ គឺជាហានិភ័យដ៏ធំមួយ 
ដែលគួរអោយភ័យខ្លាច ។
Samnang : Krav pi p’youh toma cheate vea kor bun dal mok pi 
kah nesart khous j’bab del mean doch jea ous ourn thom thom 
hery pel ous m’dong m’dong tver oy srotorb nov bat samut
trov ban bomplech bomplanh kah bouk kroub baek, kah dak 
thnam pol, k’tah nis hery kur jea hah niphey dor thom mouy 
del kur oy phey klach
Samnang : In additions to the natural storms, it’s also caused by illegal fishing, such as large drag, when dragged, the substrate layer get destroyed. Bombing and poisoning, all of this risks are very scary.

សុវណ្ណារី : ហានិភ័យ !? ផ្កាថ្មធម្មតាហ្នឹង? បាត់វាមួយ ក៏នៅសល់អាផ្សេងទៀតដែរ 
ចាំបាច់បារម្មណ៍អី ។
Sovannary : Hah niphey? Pkah tomada ning? Bat vea mouy kor
 nov sol ah p’seng teat del jam bech barom ey.
Sovannary : Risk? Just a coral, lose it one, there is the 
rest of the other, no need to worry.

សំណាង : ផ្កាថ្មទាំងនេះ មានសារ:សំខាន់ណាស់ !
Samnang : Pkah thmor tang os nis mean sarak somkhan nas!
Samnang : All of this corals are so important.

សុវណ្ណារី : ខ្ញុំដឹងហើយ គឺវាជួយចម្រុះទឹកអោយស្អាត ។
Sovannary : K’nhom ding hery kir vea jouy jom ros tik oy sa 
Sovannary : I know! It helps to filter the water.

ឈឿ : បាទ ! ក្រៅពីចម្រុះទឹក វាក៏ជាជម្រករបស់សត្វដ៏ទៃ ដូចជាពពួកត្រីត្លុក 
អន្ទង់ ត្រីខ្យាដំរី ខ្ញែ សមុទ្រ ផ្កាយសមុទ្រ ហើយវាក៏ជាអាហារសំរាប់សត្វដ៏ទៃផងដែរ ។ 
Chheou : Bart! Krav pi jom ros tik vea kor jea jom rok robos
saat dor tei doch jea p’pok trey tlok on-tong trey kh’yah 
domrey khnhae sakmut pkye sakmut hery vea kor jea ah hah 
somrab saat dor tei teat pong.
Chheou: Yes! Beside filtering the water, it’s also a habitats for other marine lives, such as comic fish, eels, scorpion fish, jellyfish, starfish, and also provide food to the other animals.

សំណាង : មើលទៅផ្កាថ្មទាំងនេះ លូតលាស់លឿនជាងខ្ញុំទៀតណ៎ !
Samnang : Merl tov pka thmor teang os nis lout leus leun
cheang khnom teat nor!
Samnang : Look at all of this corals, it grows way faster
than me.

ឈឿ : មិនមែនទេ ! ផ្កាថ្មទាំងនេះ លូតលាស់យឺតណាស់ ។ ក្នុងមួយឆ្នាំ វាអាចលូត
បាន៣សង់ទីមែ៉ត្រ ទៅ៥សង់ទីមែត្រតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ ។
Chhoeu: min man te! Pka thmor teang nis lout leus yuet nas.  
Knong mouy cham vea kout ban bei song ti met tov pram song 
ti maet tae bon-nos.
Chheou : No! All of this coral reefs grow really slow. In 
one year, it's can grow up only for 3 centimeters or 5 

សុុវណ្ណារី : អីញ្ចឹង! វាត្រូវការរាប់រយឆ្នាំដើម្បីក្លាយជាផ្កាថ្មដែលធំមួយត្រូវអត់ ?
Sovannary : Anh jing! Vea trov kar roub roy chnam dermbey 
klaay jea pkah thmor del thom mouy del trov ot?
Sovannary : So, it needs hundred of years to form into a big 
coral reefs right?

ឈឿ : ឆ្លាតមែន !
Chheou : Chlat men!
Chheou : So smart!

សំណាង : បើឆ្លាតអីញ្ចឹងខ្ញុំសួរមួយ! តើយើងគួរតែធ្វើយ៉ាងម៉េច ដើម្បីកុំអោយបាត់
បង់ផ្កាថ្មនូវថ្ងៃមុខ ?
Samnang : ber chalt anh jing khnhom sur mouy! Ter yerng kur
tver yang mech dermbey kom oy bat bong pkah thmor nov 
thngai muk?
Samnang : If you’re that smart! Let me me ask you one 
question, what can we all do to prevent from losing the 
coral reefs.

សុុវណ្ណារី : ខ្ញុំគិតថា យើងគួរតែរួមគ្នាអភិរក្សផ្កាថ្ម ក៏ដូចជាជីវ:ចម្រុះដ៏ទៃទៀតដែរ ។
ពួកយើងត្រូវតែបញ្ឈប់រាល់សកម្មភាពខុសច្បាប់គ្រប់ប្រភេទ ឈប់ចោលសំរាមផ្តេសផ្តាស់ 
ហើយនាំគ្នាចាប់ផ្តើមសំអាតសមុទ្រចាប់ពីថ្ញៃនេះទៅ និងចូលរួមផ្សព្វផ្សាយពីវា ។
Sovannary : Knhom kit tha yerng kur tae rum knea ak phy rak
pkah thmor kor doch jea jivak chom ros dor tei del. 
Sovannary : I think we all should jointly conserve coral, as
well as other biodiversity.

ឈឿ : ឆ្លើយបានល្អណាស់ !
Chhoeu : Chhlaey ban laor nas!
Chhoeu : Good answer!

សុុវណ្ណារី : ចុះបើយើងមានផ្កាថ្មដែលមានសុខភាពល្អហើយ ! តើវានឹងមានផលប្រយោ
Sovannary : Jos ber yerng mean pkar tmor del mean sok-pheap 
laor hery! Tao vea ning mean phul bro-yoch avey klas dol 
protis chet yerng kor duch chea yerng ptol.
Sovannary : What are the affects from the healthy coral to 

សំណាង : ផលប្រយោជន៍នោះគឺ យើងនឹងមានសមុទ្រមួយដែលពោរពេញទៅដោយភាព
ស្អាតស្រស់ថ្លា ។
Samnang : phul bro-yoch nos ker yerng nig mean samut mouy 
del pol peng tov doy pheap sart sros thla.
Samnang : As a result the effect would turn out into a
beautiful ocean.

ឈឿ : កំណើនភ្ញៀវទេសចរណ៍នឹងកើនឡើង ! ហើយសេដ្ឋកិច្ចយើងក៏រីកចម្រើនទៅ
តាមកំណើនភ្ញៀវទេសចរណ៍ អាហារសមុទ្រដែលយើងបានលក់ និងផលិតផលផ្សែងៗ ។
Chhoeu : Kom-nern phnhiev tesajor neng kern lerng! Hery 
sech-tha-kech yerng kor rik jom-rean tov tam kom-nern 
phnhiev tesajor ah-ha samut del yerng ban luk nig polit
phul pheng-pheng.
Chhoeu : The tourism growth will increase! Our economy will 
also develop based on the tourists, seafood and other local 

សំណាង : អ្នកនេសាទក៏អាចរកលុយពីភ្ញៀវទេសចរណ៍បានដែរ ។
Samnang : Nak nesat kor ach rok luy pi phnhiev tesajor ban 
Samnang : The fishermen financials also can come from the 

សុុវណ្ណារី : នាទីនេះ ឧបត្ថម្ហដោយ អង្គការសត្វព្រៃ និងរុក្ខជាតិអន្តរជាតិ FFI ប្រចាំ
នៅកម្ពុជា សហការជាមួយ ក្រសួងកសិកម្ម រុក្ខាប្រមាញ់ និងនេសាទ ក្នុងការការពារ
ប្រភេទសត្វ ឬរុក្ខជាតិ  ដែលទទួលរងការគំរាមកំហែង ព្រមទាំងជួយលើកស្ទួយនៅ
វិស័យសេដ្ឋកិច្ច ។
Sovananry : Near-ti nis obpatom doy angkar sat-prei nig 
rukka chet ontrak chet FFI brojam nov Kampuchea sahakar chea
mouy krosuog kaksekam rokha bromag nig nesat knong kar kar-
phea bro phet sat reu rukha chet del tortul rong kar kom 
ream kom haeng prom teang juy leuk stuoy nov visey 
Sovannary : This episode was funded by Fauna and Flora 
Cambodia, partnered with the Ministry of Agriculture 
Forestry and Fisheries in order to protect all plants and
animals species that are endangered as well as helping the
growth of the country’s economy.

សំណាង : ចូលរួមរាយការណ៍រាល់សកម្មភាពនេសាទខុសច្បាប់ ដែលអ្នកបានឃើញ
តាមរយ:លេខទូរស័ព្ទ 0១២ ៩០៨ ១២១ ។
Samnang : Jol rum rey kar rol sakam-pheap nesat kus chbab 
del nak ban rok kheunh tam royak lek tour-sap 012 908 121.
Samnang : Inform us with any illegal fishing that you seen 
by 012 908 121.

សុុវណ្ណារី : អភិរក្សសត្វសមុទ្រ 
Sovannary : ak phy rak sat samut
Sovannary : Conserve our marine animals

សំណាង : ដើម្បីភាពស្រស់ថ្លា 
Samnang : Dermbey pheap sros thlar
Samnang : For refreshness

ឈឿ : ជាអនាគតនៃសេដ្ឋកិច្ច 
Chhoeu : Chea ah na kot nei sech-tha-kech.
Chhoeu : And for the future of the economy growth.

Liger Campus Tour Guide

This expertise is guiding and training liger students on greeting new or returning guests and visitors to Liger Learning Center. It is important for the student guides to represent the Liger Core Values as they explain the physical layout of the campus as well as the educational model and goals of LLC. The goal of this is being friendly, polite, and informative. The tour includes talking about explaining how long students have been at Liger, where they are from, and a little about the selection process (students selected from all over Cambodia).  Students must explain that at Liger we do Project Based Learning, which includes something called, “Explorations”. An exploration is usually a group of students working on a project with a Learning Facilitator for about seven weeks. Sharing personal fun facts and make sure the guests feel more than welcome.